are you most vulnerable? 

We continue to learn more about the dangers and charactural aspects of COVID-19. While there are measures we can take to prevent the spread, it must be made aware that there are specific groups of people and different populations who might be more prone to be negatively affected by the disease. This post aims to inform you of which portions of society are most at risk. 

Some groups are more vulnerable in severe situations which might lead to death, however, people of ALL ages, with or without pre-existing conditions can catch the virus. People over 50 years of age are highly prone to risks.

If you have a history or existing medical conditions, it is important to understand whether you might be at a higher risk if infected by COVID-19. 

1  Individuals with underlying medical conditions face increased risk to the virus:

  • High blood pressure 
  • Heart problems
  • Diabetes
  • Chronic respiratory diseases (e.g., Asthma, Emphysema, Chronic bronchitis, Cystic fibrosis, etc.)
  • Cancer

2  Individuals who do not have clean water, basic sanitation, etc., accessible, are at a higher risk of infection.

3 Immune disorders or individuals who may be immunocompromised:

  • HIV or AIDS
  • Malnutrition
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Lupus

The most effective way to prevent the virus from spreading, is by staying home. Especially if you are feeling unwell, you should distance yourself from the public as well as others in your own home. The CDC currently recommends a full 14 days in isolation. Do not share the same glasses with people, constantly clean shared spaces and your hands within your house. You can stay connected to your local government and their given health regulations / advice / policies, as they will provide the most up-to-date information.

Aside from self isolation, regular hand washing can help prevent any further spread of the virus. Soap and water is the most effective method, followed by hand sanitizer. Water alone will not be effective, as the soap helps to pull the virus apart, and kills it. The water then rinse off the remains of the virus. Effective hand washing requires a minimum of 20 seconds, with proper technique. Any less than 20 seconds will not fully remove virus particles. All types of soap will work (bars, antibacterial, liquid, foaming, etc.). The following diagram portrays the proper hand washing technique, according to the World Health Organization.

When soap might not be available, hand sanitizer will help ensure clean hands. The formula should be at least 60% alcohol, which you can find on the back of the bottle under ingredients. It is important to keep in mind that sweaty or dirty hands can reduce effectiveness. This is a reason why soap and water is more effective, and always the preferred approach towards personal hygiene.


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